Gainesville Diabetic Eye Disease Care

Woman with Diabetic Eye Disease at Gainesville Eye Clinic

The leading cause of blindness worldwide, diabetes presents a host of health issues, including an increased risk of developing glaucoma or cataracts, temporary blurring of the vision, or even permanent vision loss. Diabetic eye disease often develops in people who have suffered from diabetes for an extended period of time and have been unwilling or unable to adequately control their blood sugar levels.

Diabetes is marked by the body’s inability to properly use and store sugar. Heightened blood sugar levels may damage the blood vessels found in the retina, which is the nerve layer in the back of the eye responsible for detecting light and sending images to the brain. This type of retinal damage is referred to as diabetic retinopathy.

There are two types of diabetic retinopathy. With nonproliferative diabetic retinopathy (NPDR), tiny blood vessels inside of the retina leak blood or other fluids that cause the retina to either swell or form deposits called exudates. NPDR may or may not affect the vision.

The second type, proliferative diabetic retinopathy (PDR) is marked by abnormal blood vessels growing on the surface of the retina or optic nerve. PDR often causes vision damage.

Preventative measures are key for avoiding diabetic eye disease. In some cases, laser eye surgery is necessary.