Cataracts are quite common in adults. However, pediatric cataracts in children are rare and require specialized care and attention.
Congenital cataracts may actually be the manifestation of a combination of ocular diseases or systemic metabolic disorders.
So much maturation occurs during the early weeks of life that if cataracts are not corrected immediately, permanent vision loss becomes a serious possibility. It is usually recommended that surgery be performed before a child is six weeks old.
The surgical procedure for removing cataracts involves a microscopic extraction of the cloudy lens. However, a pediatric cataract removal is a complex process involving specialized pre-operative planning, complex intra-operative skill and thorough post-operative care.
An artificial lens may or may not be inserted during the surgery. If not, the child will be fitted for a special contact lens or glasses.