Pediatric Glaucoma and Treatment

Pediatric glaucoma is a rare condition that may be passed down from another family member or caused by incorrect development of the drainage ducts while the child is in the womb. The inability to drain fluid properly leads to increased intraocular pressure, which then damages the optic nerve.

Pediatric glaucoma may be classified as congenital, meaning that the child was born with it, or juvenile, which occurs after three years of age. Glaucoma that has no identifiable cause is referred to as primary glaucoma while that which is associated with another condition or disease is referred to as secondary glaucoma.

Symptoms of pediatric glaucoma

Common symptoms of congenital glaucoma include excessive tearing, light sensitivity, or a cloudy cornea. Symptoms of juvenile glaucoma are not always obvious as with adult glaucoma.

Treatment for pediatric glaucoma

The treatment goal is to lower intraocular pressure; this is typically accomplished through a surgical or laser procedure. Eye drops and medications are usually required as ongoing therapy proceeding surgery. Several surgical procedures may be required.

Other complications, including amblyopia or myopia, accompany glaucoma and require additional treatment. Early diagnosis is ideal for a more successful outcome.