Strabismus and Strabismus Surgery for Adults

Strabismus is defined as a vision condition in which a person is unable to align both eyes under normal circumstances. When one or more of the six muscles responsible for eye movement fails to function properly, the result is a misalignment of the eyes.

Strabismus in adults can be caused by certain illnesses, including thyroid diseases, or may be the result of an injury. It can also be the result of congenital strabismus that was left untreated as a child. It leads to double vision as the brain seeks to communicate with both eyes simultaneously.

Strabismus is often referred to as being cross-eyed or having wandering or floating eyes. The eyes can turn inward, outward, upward, or downward, and it may affect one or both eyes. This misalignment can be continuous or intermittently caused by varying circumstances, such as stress. Strabismus does not reverse on its own; therefore, treatment is required.

Strabismus surgery endeavors to realign the eyes through either a recession or resection of the eye muscles. A recession involves purposefully weakening while a resection is a strengthening of the muscles.

After strabismus surgery, adults can expect improved depth perception and a larger periphery.