Crossed Eyes, Misalignment of the Eyes (Strabismus) in Children

Strabismus describes a condition in which both eyes do not focus on the same point simultaneously. The muscles of the eyes do not work together to control eye movement as they should. It is estimated that nearly five percent of children have some form of strabismus.


4 types of crossed eyes: Esotropia | Exotropia | Hypertropia | Hypotropia


In order to avoiding seeing double, the brain compensates by disregarding one of the images, thus suppressing the vision of one eye. Over time, this leads to overall weakening and probable vision loss in that particular eye.

One of four types of strabismus may be exhibited.

  • Esotropia is marked by crossed eyes
  • Exotropia is an outward drift
  • Hypertropia is characterized by an upward, vertical drift
  • Hypotropia is a downward drift

Strabismus is rarely outgrown and requires specific treatment to prevent or deal with unresolved vision issues.